08/07/2018 8:51 AM
On August 1st, 1137, King Louis VI dies and is succeeded by his son Louis VII, who will launch the Second Crusade.
On August 1st, 1291, The Republic of Switzerland was founded. (Swiss Independence Day.)
On August 1st, 1291, the communities of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden form an alliance known as the Swiss Confederation to protect themselves against the Austrian House of Hapsburg.
On August 1st, 1498, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sets foot on the American Mainland for the first time, at the Paria Peninsula in present-day Venezuela.
On August 1st, 1625, The British Parliament moved to Oxford.
On August 1st, 1770, William Clark was born. He was appointed by President Thomas Jefferson to join Meriweather Lewis on an expedition to explore the recently acquired Louisiana Territory. In return for his services, President Jefferson made Clark a brigadier general of the Louisiana Territory militia and awarded him a vast section of the new land. He also made Clark the territory’s superintendent of Indian Affairs.
On August 1st, 1774, English minister and scientist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen.
On August 1st, 1790, The first U. S. Census was taken.
On August 1st, 1793, France becomes the first country to use the metric system of weights and measures.
On August, 1st, 1819, Herman Melville was born.
On August 1st, 1873, English inventor Andrew Smith Hallidie successfully tests the first cable car he designed for the city of San Francisco, California.